Neonatal Intensive Care Unit(NICU)

About NICU

Newborn babies who need intensive medical attention are often admitted into a special area of the hospital called the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). 
Ten to 15 percent of all newborn babies require care in a NICU, and giving birth to a sick or premature baby can be quite unexpected for any parent.
Most babies admitted to the NICU are premature (born before 37 weeks of pregnancy), have low birthweight (less than 5.5 pounds), or have a medical condition that requires special care. Other reasons that can lead to baby care in a NICU are:

  • birth at gestational age less than 37 weeks or more than 42 weeks
  • birthweight less than 2,500 grams or over 4,000 grams
  • small for gestational age
  • birth defects
  • respiratory distress including rapid breathing, grunting, or apnea (stopping breathing)
  • nfection such as herpes, group B streptococcus, chlamydia
  • seizures
  • hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • need for extra oxygen or monitoring, intravenous(IV) therapy, or medications

If your baby is born very premature, is sick or requires close observation, he/she will be admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit where they will receive specialised medical and nursing care. Throughout your baby's stay in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, any treatment required will be explained to you.

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