A cataract is a loss of transparency, or clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye. This lens is a part of the eye that helps focus light on the retina. It is located behind the iris. At birth it is like jelly, but unfortunately with age it gradually hardens and loses its ability to change shape. Evidence of this hardening normally starts to affect us in our mid-forties when many require reading glasses for close work. This is called Presbyopia.With further increase in age, the lens continues to harden and starts to become more compact and cloudy,initially reducing quality of vision and later obstructing vision and interfering with day to day activities. A cloudy of opaque lens is called a cataract and unfortunately is inevitable.
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