Treatment of Female Urology Problems in India
Female Urology Problems
Like males females can also develop urological issues. They also have problems pertaining to urinary tract including kidney and bladder. The doctor in this case may be a urologist or a urogynaecologist. A Urogynaecologist is a gynaecologist having special training in treating female urological problems. There are many problems that a female may face pertaining to the urinary tract or even reproductive system. Common problems are:
- Urinary Tract Infection
- Urinary Incontinence
- Overactive Badder
- Sexually Transmitted Disease
- Uterine Prolapse
Urinary Tract Infection Treatment
Urinary tract infection is one the most common urology problem face by a female. It is mostly seen in females and very rarely in males. The reason is that the bacteria can reach bladder easily in females as compared to males. The urethra in females is much shorter in females as compared to males. This makes the bacteria reach bladder in lesser time. The diagnosis of UTI is easily done through a Urine routine along with culture and sensitivity examination. The most common symptoms are lower abdomen pain accompanied by burning while urinating. The treatment is mainly through antibiotics and good hydration is necessary.
Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine. It means a person urinates when they do not want to. Control over the urinary sphincter is either lost or weakened. Urinary incontinence is mostly seen in females. In simple language it is incapability of a person to control or hold back urine allowing it to leak out. East way to diagnose is to check the post void residual urine during an ultrasound examination of lower abdomen. The first line of treatment for urinary incontinence is physiotherapy which are aimed at strengthening pelvic muscles. If this does not work then there are other treatment options like Pessary which is ring that is inserted into the vagina helping to hold the bladder and prevent leakage. Radio frequency therapy which makes the lower urinary tract firmer helping in urine control. In some case BOTOX injections are also used for the same reason as mentioned above. However they are injected in bladder muscle. Surgery is the last resort for treatment of urine incontinence.
Overactive bladder is a condition that causes a frequent and sudden urge to urinate that may be difficult to control. You may feel like you need to pass urine many times during the day and night, and may also experience unintentional loss of urine. Overactive bladder occurs because the muscles of the bladder start to contract involuntarily even when the volume of urine in your bladder is low. These involuntary contractions create an urgent need to urinate. since it is also related to pelvic muscles hence physiotherapy and pelvic floor muscle strengthening play a very important role. Apart from exercise weight loss in case of over weight people also helps. BOTOX is used in case of overactive bladder as well.
Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases is another major area which comes under the purview of female urological problems. STD as commonly called are basically infections transmitted through sexual activity. In past they used to be called venereal disease. STD’s are serious illnesses that require treatment. Some STD’s such as HIV cannot be cured and can be deadly. You are more prone to get STD if you:
- Sexual activity with multiple partners
- Unprotected sex
- Share needles for IV purpose
- Unsafe blood transfusion or donation
Uterine prolapse is a condition where due to weak pelvic muscles that hold the uterus become weak. This leads to uterus protruding out of vagina. There are various reasons that lead to uterine prolapse like difficult labour, delivery of big size baby, being over weight etc. The treatment mostly is through surgery either a repair of the prolapse or a hysterectomy wherein the uterus is removed.
Best Doctor for Female Urology Problem in India
Most of the gynaecologists in India are trained in treating females with various urology problems. Dr Sumita Singh and Dr Chetna Jain and Dr Rama Joshi are the best gynaecologists having experience in treating female urological problems in India.