Birth Marks and Mole Removal in India
Any mark or sport present on the body of an infant at the time of birth is called a birth mark. It is not important that all birth marks are supposed to be removed. Removal entirely depends upon the location, size and color of the birth mark. It also depends upon the aesthetic nature of the mark. There majorly couple of types of birth marks for which patients come to India for removal. There pigmented birth mark and vascular birth marks.
Pigmented Birth Marks – Birth marks that have excessive melanin are called pigmented birth marks. Most of these birth marks are black to brown in color. Pigmented birthmarks can be flat or elevated. They may simply be due to excessive deposition of melanin pigment in the deeper layers of the skin. They are generally small, no larger than ¼ inch diameter, however, they can be quite large, covering a significant portion the infant’s skin. They generally do not cause any symptoms except discoloration of the skin.
Vascular Birth Marks – Vascular birth marks are those who are composed of blood vessels. They are mostly red, blue or purple in color. They can be either flat or elevated. Their size is quite variable, as well. Certain types of vascular birthmarks can evolve and change after birth. These birth marks that are made up of blood vessels can cause symptoms. The identification of the type of vascular birthmarks may be difficult and require certain advanced imaging techniques as well pathological examination of samples of the birthmark. Certain vascular birthmarks called hemangiomas can begin as flat lesions at birth but enlarge rapidly during the first few months of life.
Birthmark Treatment in India
It is now possible to treat many kinds of both pigmented and vascular birthmarks. The approach depends on the type of tissue involved. The best way for treating most of the birth marks is through lasers. There are various types of lasers available in India for the purpose. The most common is Q-switch laser or fractional Co2. These lasers require certain number of sittings for the treatment of birth marks in India. Part from lasers in few cases the treatment is dovetailed with corticosteroids and local ointments.
Mole Removal in India
Moles are a common type of skin growth. They often appear as small, dark brown spots and are caused by clusters of pigmented cells. Moles generally appear during childhood and adolescence. Most moles are harmless and rarely become cancerous. Monitoring moles and other pigmented patches is an important step in detecting skin cancer especially malignant melanoma. Moles can develop anywhere on your body, including your scalp, armpits, under your nails, and between your fingers and toes. The best way to keep a track of the cancerous moles is to follow an ABCDE guide:
- A – Asymmetrical shape
- B – Borders of moles that are irregular
- C – Changing colors of moles or uneven color
- D – Diameter of mole if it is more than 6 mm
- E – Evolving moles that are regularly changing shape, color and size or presenting with itchiness or bleeding
Treatment of Moles in India
Removal of mole in India is done based on the nature of the mole. If the mole is cancerous then mole would be removed through surgery with wide margin excision. The excised mole would be sent for biopsy. However the most common method used in India for mole removal is through cauterization which is a stitch free excision of mole. This type of mole excision is generally done on out patient basis. cauterized mole excision is done under the local anaesthesia which takes care of the pain as well.
Best Doctors in India for Birth Mark and Mole Removal
The doctor for birth mark and mole removal are either a dermatologist also called skin specialist or a plastic surgeon. Type of doctor depends upon the way mole has to be removed or excised. Dr Jasdeep Kaur and Dr Preeti Pandya are the best dermatologist and plastic surgeon in India for birthmark and mole removal in India.